Saturday, August 24, 2019

What is Chilblains? | Symptoms and causes of Chilblains

What is Chilblains? 


Chilblains is a disease occurring in cold times. The disease is also known as Perniosis and Pernio. During this disease, there is painful inflammation in the small blood vessel or small cells in your skin during cold times. Whenever your hand or feet come in contact with cold, then your skin starts swelling again and again.

What is Chilblains? | Symptoms and causes of Chilblains


When you go out of the house or in the snow during the winter time, your ears, feet and body become cold.  When you come inside the house, the blood vessel in your body starts heating you and you feel warm.

But people who have chilblains, when they go out of the house in winter time, usually experience heat only after a delay of 15-30 minutes because the blood vessels are closed for some time. During that time the blood supply in that person's skin is not well due to which his skin becomes hot, red and itchy.


Chilblains usually last for 1 to 3 weeks in the patient, after which it becomes clear, if the weather gets warmer, the disease is cured very quickly. While treating it, it is considered good to use lotions to protect yourself from cold and reduce symptoms.

Remember one thing, if you do not treat it quickly after a chilblains infection, it causes serious damage to your skin. Not painful initially but may be painful after a few days.

Symptoms of Chilblains


According to the doctor, if a patient avoids exposed to cold then the symptoms go away within 1-3 weeks but in a patient exposed to cold, it may take up to 1 to 2 months for the symptoms to go away.

After a period of time in the cold, chillblains symptoms appear in a short period of time, but if the person suffering from the disease heats up, the symptoms become worse.

signs and symptoms may include:


• Burning and itching of the feet, hands, nose, or ear ends

• Constant burning sensation on your skin

• The skin of the area affected by chilblains changes from red to dark blue

• The skin of the affected area becomes inflamed

• Sores, Wounds, and blisters may appear (it is rare symptoms)

Causes of Chilblains


No one knows exactly how a person has chillblains, but we know that cold weather tightens your skin's blood vessel, after some time you start to warm up and then the blood vessels fast your skin.  Starts spreading in the body, which increases the risk of blood leaking into your skin resulting in inflammation and chilblain symptoms.

Risk factors


• Being underweight

People who are 20 or 25% less weight than their height are at risk of chilblain.

• Having an autoimmune disease and Raynaud's disease

People who are undergoing autoimmune disease and Raynaud's disease have an increased risk of chilblains.

• Being female

Research and data have shown that women are at a higher risk of chilblain than men.

• Environment and cold season

Most humans are at risk of chillblain during the winter season.

• Smoking

A person who smokes is also at risk of chilblain.


To avoid chilblain, it is good to use chilblain cream for the treatment as it moisturises and protects the skin.




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